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Often referred to as an isolation gown, procedural gown, or similar term, medical gowns are essential pieces of personal protection equipment that provide a barrier against infectious materials and protect the wearer from infection or illness.
Unlike gowns worn by medical professionals, patient gowns are not designed for protection but rather to provide proper patient access at the time of examination or procedure.
Patient Exam Gown
Dukal's dark blue spunbonded polypropylene disposable patient gowns feature a tie waist for an adjustable fit and can be worn with the opening in the front or back based on patient and physician need.
Medical gowns are part of an overall health care infection-control strategy. Medical gowns, categorized under personal protective equipment, protect the wearer from the spread of infection or illness, creating a barrier against potentially infectious material.
When working with vulnerable patients, gowns can also prevent the wearer from transferring harmful microorganisms.
A gown should be worn during procedures, and patient care activities when contact of clothing and/or exposed skin with blood, body fluids, secretions, or excretions is anticipated.
Beginning in 2004, the FDA, the American National Standards Institute (ANSI), and the Association of the Advancement of Medical Instrumentation (AAMI) introduced ANSI/AAMI PB70, the required standard for medical gowns used in healthcare facilities. These standards ensure medical gowns meet specific standards in liquid barrier performance and classify gowns as protective apparel. The ANSI/AAMI PB70 standard has four levels of fluid barrier protection, with Level 1 being the lowest level of protection and Level 4 being the highest.
USP 800 guidelines describe practice and quality standards for handling hazardous drugs to promote patient safety, worker safety, and environmental protection. Under USP 800 guidelines, medical gowns used when handling hazardous drugs, for example those used during chemotherapy administration, must be made of polyethylene-coated polypropylene or other laminate material. Gowns must close in the back (i.e., no open front), be long-sleeved, and have elastic or knit closed cuffs.
It’s essential to recognize that medical gown names are not standardized across the industry; knowing the difference between the levels is essential to ensure proper protection.3
A multi-layer fabric composed of inner layers of melt-blown polypropylene between outer layers of spunbonded polypropylene provides water-resistance while remaining breathable.